Masticating vs Centrifugal Juicers
Juicing is everywhere right now, but the complexities of the juicing world can seem intimidating when you’re just starting out. People say it’s an easy dietary addition to make, but the technicalities of all the juicers available and the different things to do with them can seem far more complicated than people often claim they are.
We’re here to help with that, exploring the different types of juicer available and breaking down the pros and cons of each one to help you to make the best decision with minimal stress and effort. We’ve done the research and looked at the tests, so you don’t have to; we can bring you the important information in an easily digestible form and simplify your life as much as possible.
There are two major types of juicer on the market: Centrifugal and masticating juicers, otherwise known as slow or cold press juicers. But what’s the difference between masticating and centrifugal juicers? Does which one you choose to buy, really make that much of a difference to your juicing experience?
Yes. The choice of juicer you purchase can make a major impact on the quality and amount of liquid you get out of each piece of fruit, as well as on the length of time it takes to make a glass of juice and the amount of noise made in the process. The masticating juicer versus centrifugal juicer decision is an important one, and it’s important to be sure that you’re making the right decision.
With that in mind, we’ve broken down the major features of both the masticating and the centrifugal juicers to help you understand the most important aspects of both types, so that you can confidently make the centrifugal vs. masticating juicer decision with full understanding, knowing that you understand the difference between centrifugal and masticating juicers and that you are equipped to make the decision without uncertainty.
Masticating versus Centrifugal
|Feature||Masticating juicers||Centrifugal juicers|
|Uses||– Juicing produce – Removing fiber – Grinding nuts etc – Pasta pressing – Ice cream||– Juicing produce – Reducing fiber|
|Suitable for juicing||– Hard and soft fruits – Tough vegetables – Leafy greens||– Hard and soft fruits – Tough vegetables|
|Juice quality||– Very high – Low foam levels||– Moderate – High foam levels|
|Juice yield||– Very high – Dry pulp||– High – Wet pulp|
|Juice lifespan||– 36-72 hours||– A few hours|
|Speed||– 80 – 100 RPM||– 1000 RPM|
|Operating temperature||– Very low||– Moderate|
|Noise level||– Very low||– Moderate to high|
|Price||– $100 – $600||– $50 – $150|
|Suitable for||– Families – Serious juicers – Commercial enterprises||– Beginners – Individuals – Casual juicing|
How it works
Centrifugal juicers are vertical pieces of kitchen equipment that look like traditional blenders. In a centrifugal machine, a mesh chamber filled with toothed blades shreds your fruit, veg, or other ingredients into a pulp, while spinning at a high speed to separate out the liquid and the pulp into two different parts of the machine. This means that all of your ingredients are chopped at a very high speed, forcing out the liquids and leaving you with a mess of wet pulp, conveniently stored in a separate chamber while the juice is expelled from a chute at the other side of the centrifugal juicer.
While juices and juicing date back over two thousand years, to the second century BC, juicing machines are a more modern invention. Historically, juice was primarily made using a pestle and mortar or other hand squeezing method, but now we use a range of handy, efficient machines to do the job for us.
The first machine was designed by doctor Norman Walker in 1936 as a dietary aid, encouraging the production and consumption of raw vegetable juices. This “Norwalk” juicer was what’s now known as a centrifugal juicer, pulping fruits and vegetables and then squeezing the liquid out of the resulting mush.
With such a long history, centrifugal juicing machines have been refined over the years, and the technology has become cheaper, easier to produce, and more widely available, making them one of the most common household juicing devices on the market.
How much is a juicer? Thanks to over 80 years of technological development since doctor Norman Walker invented the world’s first juicer in 1936, centrifugal machines have developed into relatively affordable and accessible products, lowering the entry bar to juicing substantially. Nowadays, it’s easy to find a good centrifugal juicer for under $100, and models with prices as low as $50 or even less are also available.
This low price makes centrifugal juicers a great beginners’ option, making it easy to get into juicing without a major financial commitment. Their affordability is significantly higher than that of masticating slow press, which provide higher quality juice, a better experience, and more nutritional benefits. With such a small minimum investment in order to get started, anyone can try juicing and experience the health benefits and other advantages of this dietary enhancement.
Centrifugal are more affordable than masticating juicers, which is a major advantage for this variety of juicer design, making them much easier to buy without needing to consider them a major financial investment in the same way. This makes centrifugal juicing machines a great choice for beginners or people who don’t think they’re likely to get a huge amount of use out of them.
Centrifugal juicing machines are also faster than masticating juicers, with motors running at around 1000 RPM. While this means that they’re much louder than masticating models, it also means that they produce juice much more quickly than alternative designs forcing out liquid from fruits in only a couple of minutes. They’re quick and efficient and can save a fair bit of time in the morning.
This type of juicer also offers a relatively wide feed chute, allowing you to insert much larger pieces of fruit into the machine. The high-speed motor of the centrifugal blender will make short work of most large pieces of fruit, making this an efficient way to juice fruits without having to worry about cutting them up into particularly small pieces.
Centrifugal machines may be fast and cheap, but they also have a number of notable disadvantages. The first is the quality and yield of juice; centrifugal machines do not usually extract quite as much juice from each piece of fruit as masticating machines tend to, meaning that you need a larger quantity of fruit to get the same amount of liquid at the end. They also run much warmer, which can damage the nutrients and enzymes in your fruit, reducing its health benefits and making the juice taste less fresh.
It is also worth noting that the high speeds of centrifugal juicers encourage oxidation, meaning that liquid produced by a centrifugal juicer must be consumed within a few hours before its nutritional benefits and flavor are noticeably weakened. This high speed also creates a lot of noise; early morning juicing sessions with a centrifugal machine run the risk of disturbing sleeping family members, and conversations are impractical while the juicer is running, as the noise is simply too loud and disruptive.
How it works
One of the most commonly asked questions about masticating juicers is “what does masticating mean?”. Masticating is the process of breaking something up by chewing it, grinding it up like your teeth do in your mouth. Masticating juicers feature a hard auger which grinds the fruit against a screen, crushing it and breaking it apart to release the liquid. The fresh juice then flows out through the mesh screen and into a container at the bottom, while the dry pulp is expelled from a chute at the front of the machine. This produces a larger amount of higher quality juice than a centrifugal blender and can continue to run effectively for long periods of time.
Masticating juicers are a little more modern than the centrifugal ones but still, carry a relatively long history. The first masticating juicer, known as the Champion Juicer, was invented in 1954 and ran at 4000 RPM. This was significantly faster (and therefore hotter) than the modern masticating versions, which run at approximately 80 RPM to 100 RPM. While the Champion was the first juicer to use the masticating mechanism, it had many of the same problems as centrifugal machine, damaging the enzymes and nutrients in the fruit.
Since 1954, the technology of masticating juicer machines has improved significantly, and they now run far more slowly and quietly, extracting more liquid of a higher quality than the Champion was capable of. They’re now readily available for domestic use, although they can still be quite expensive.
How much does a juicer cost? The more advanced technology of the masticating cold press juicer means that it’s rather more expensive than the centrifugal machines on average. Prices for masticating juicers tend to range from $100 to $600, with some premium models coming in at far higher prices and only a small number of budget options scraping in below $150. This makes them less accessible than centrifugal blenders and better suited to those who are certain that they want to make a substantial financial investment into the juicing lifestyle and who can be certain that they’ll get a lot of use out of an expensive piece of kitchen equipment.
Masticating juicers have a number of distinct and valuable advantages. First and foremost is the yield and quality of liquid that they produce; masticating slow press machines produce far more liquid than centrifugal machines, and in any masticating vs. centrifugal juicer comparison, the masticating slow pressed juice will be noticeably better and more nutritionally valuable. In addition to this, due to the lack of oxidation in mastication, masticated juice will last far longer than the centrifugally blended juice when stored in the fridge, making it better for anyone who might not have time to juice every single morning.
Masticating slow press machines are also far quieter than centrifugal juicers, ensuring that an early morning juicing session won’t disturb sleeping family members, and you can even have a conversation over the sound of a masticating juicer in action.
Cold press masticating juicers have very few disadvantages in comparison to centrifugal blenders, but there are a couple of issues of which you should be aware. Slow juicers are, by nature, slower than centrifugal ones, and can take far longer to produce liquid, meaning that a juicing session can take a lot longer.
The other major issue is the price. Masticating juicers start from about $200, and that can be an intimidating buy-in point. They’re better suited for those who are certain that they’re willing to invest a large sum of money into juicing, as well as being sure they’ll get a lot of use out of their new machine.
Centrifugal or Masticating juicer: Which is best?
Masticating vs centrifugal juicers is a major decision that needs to be made if you’re looking to buy a new juicer. Both have their advantages and disadvantages, although in general, the masticating variety has more benefits than the centrifugal. You’ll get a larger quantity of higher quality liquid out of a masticating juicer, making the extra investment worth it for anyone who really cares about the health benefits of juicing.
In any centrifugal vs. masticating juicer taste test or objective measure of either nutritional value or juice lifespan, the masticating slow press is going to come out on top. It’s simply a better and more advanced method of juicing, giving a higher quality juice.
The one major area in which centrifugal blenders are better than masticating is the price; centrifugal blenders are far cheaper, making it easier to justify the purchase and allowing them to be a great entry-level option for anyone unwilling to commit upwards of $200 on a single kitchen appliance.
Which type is right for you?
Deciding between a masticating juicer vs centrifugal juicer, or a juice extractor vs. juicer should be driven by your personal needs and preferences. If you’re uncertain about juicing, or not particularly well off, it’s worth considering a centrifugal juicer.
If, however, you’re looking for a high quality, premium juicing machine, then a masticating slow press is a far better option. Yes, they’re significantly more expensive, but they’re far higher performance and produce better quality, more nutritious and healthy juice without being anywhere near as disruptive to your living environment. Check out our extensive of these great juicers reviews.
The right fit for your kitchen
Another thing worth considering in the big juicer and blender decision is which of the centrifugal or masticating machine is going to be the right fit for your kitchen. Centrifugal juicers can be large, heavy pieces of kit and may not fit into a smaller or more densely packed kitchen.
Masticating juicers, can be large too and, are often more lightweight and a little smaller, making it easier to fit them into most kitchens. They’re also more versatile than centrifugal blenders, with many models coming with attachments to help them serve more purposes. This lets them replace a range of kitchen gadgets.
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